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Angular.js Study Notes

This is the Angular.js study note of Shaping with Angular.js.
Shaping with Angular.js is a set of videos teaching angular.js.

1 Mr-why’s Store

1.1 Ramp Up

  • Directive

    • Directive is a maker on HTML tag that tells Angular to run or reference some Javascript code.
  • Modules

    • Where we write pieces of our Angular application.
    • Makes our code more maintainable, testable, and readable.
    • Where we design dependencies for our app.
    • <html ng-app=“store”>

var app = angular.module(’store’, []);

  • Controllers

    • Where we add application behavior
  • Expressions

    • Allow you to insert dynamic values into your HTML.
    • I am {{4 + 6}} —> I am 10

{{“hello” + “you”}} —> hello you

1.2 Index HTML Setup

  • Controller
    • Controllers are where we define our apps behavior by defining functions and values.
    • Notice that controller is attached to (inside) of our app.
  • An example

1.3 Built-in Directives

  • How to control a button to show / hide?
    • define new property to gem as: canBuy: false
    • add ng-show to the controlled button: ng-show="sc.product.canBuy"
    • In the same way, you can use ng-hide to get the same outcome.
  • How to add multi-products?
    • for gem, write it as a set, and rename product as products (unnecessary).
    • when use gem, two ways: (1) use it as a set: sc.products[0].price; (2) automatic generate with ng-repeat: ng-repeat=“product in sc.products"

2 Built-in Directives

2.1 Filters and a New Directive

  • Formatting with filters
    • {{ data | filter:options }}
    • Some eg:
      • date: {{‘1388123412323’ | date:’MM/dd/yyyy @ h:mma’}} —> 12/27/2013 @ 12:50 AM
      • uppercase & lowercase: {{’octagon gem’ | uppercase}} —> OCTAGON GEM
      • limitTo: {{‘My Product’ | limitTo: 8}} —> My Produ

<li ng-repeat=“product in store.products | limitTo:3”> —> only first 3 products in products set will show

    - orderBy: `<li ng-repeat=“product in store.products | orderBy:’-price’”>` —> order by price
  • Using ng-src for images
    • never forget the two braces

2.2 Tabs Inside Out

  • Use ng-click & ng-show to control tabs
  • Use ng-init to init an active tab
  • Use ng-class to set active style for active tab-pill
  • But this code is dirty, to keep the logic of angular outside of HTML, use controller

3 Forms

3.1 Forms and Models

  • ng-model
    • binds the form element value to the property.

3.2 Accepting Submissions

  • ng-submit
    • allows us to call a function when the form is submitted.

3.3 Validation

  • no validate

    • used in form tag to turn off default HTML validation
  • required

    • used in tag to mark required fields
  • <div>reviewFrom is {{reviewForm.$valid}}</div>

    • used to print forms validity
    • this should be used with ng-submit to check submit.
  • angular class for input style:

    • Source before typing email:

<input name=“author” … class=“ng-pristine ng-invalid">

- Source after typing, with invalid email

<input name=“author” … class=“ng-dirty ng-invalid">

- Source after typing, with valid email

<input name=“author” … class=“ng-dirty ng-valid">

- Note that color must be indicated before using.

4 Custom Directives

4.1 Directives

  • Using ng-include for Templates

    • ng-include is expecting a variable with the name of the file to include. To pass the name directly as a string, use single quotes ‘ ‘
    • e.g. ng-include=“name_price.html”
  • custom directive

    • Directives are like: <book-title></book-title>
    • Directives allow you to write HTML that expresses the behavior of your application. AWSOME!
  • How to build a directive

    • 1-define tag, such as <product-title></product-title>
    • 2-use app.directive to control the directive in JavaScript. Note that dash in HTML translates to camelCase in JavaScript.

4.2 Directive Controllers

  • Move the controller in the directive

5 Services

5.1 Dependencies

  • How to organize the application modules?
    • app.js is the top level module attached via ng-app
    • products.js is all the functionality for products and only products.
    • The specific codes refer to the attachment code.
  • The decency is defined with:

var app = angular.module('store', ['store-products']);
where the store-products in the ‘[ ]’ is dependency.

5.2 Services

  • Some useful services:
    • Fetching JSON data from a web service with $http
    • Logging messages to the JavaScript console with $log
    • Filtering an array with $filter
  • $http service
    • Use as function:

$http({method: ‘GET’, url: ‘/products.json’});

- Use one if the shortcut methods:

$http.get(‘/products.json’, { apiKey: ‘myApiKey’ });

- Both return a Promise object with .success() and .error()

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